Country of Headquarters of the Investors
According to the origin of the surveyed companies, besides domestic companies that are predominating in the FIC membership structure, the major investors are companies from Germany with a share of 17%, and Austria with share of 15%, followed by foreign investors from the United Kingdom with a share of 10% and Serbia with a share of 8% and Cyprus with a share of 6%, while other countries each account for either 4% or 2%.
Geographic Distribution of the Investments
Out of the total number of FIC members, 92% invested in the territory of the Federation of BiH, while 58% invested in Republika Srpska and 43% in the territory of Distrikt Brcko.
With respect to equity origin, most of the companies are foreign-owned with a total share of 56%, followed by domestic-owned ones with a share of 19%; mixed-equity companies with a foreign controlling interest account for (19%), while mixed-equity companies with a domestic controlling interest account for 6%.
Type of Investments
Most of the FIC members, 28% of them, carried out their investment as a Greenfield investment and through privatization or acquisition of domestic companies (28%), while 21% of FIC members made their investment by joint ventures. The same number of members used other models to implement their investment.
Limited liability companies account for 72% of the total number of FIC members, 22% of them are joint stock companies, while representative offices and other types of organization have each the same share of 3%.
Type of Business Activity
Members of the FIC BiH have invested in numerous business activities and sectors. The majority of investments have been made in the service-oriented sectors (20%) and processing industry (18%). Financial and insurance sectors account for 12%, while information and communication sectors each account for 11%. Wholesale and retail trade account for 9% of the total share. Service-oriented sectors are mostly represented by financial and consultancy services, while the chemical industry, food and beverages processing, as well as energy and construction sectors account for the largest share of the manufacturing industry.
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